Trim Corporate Welfare to $0
With the recent release of Gov. Rick Snyder's fiscal 2015 budget we can examine his administration's priorities for the coming year.
Once again, Michigan's corporate welfare apparatus — led by the Michigan Economic Development Corp. — looks like it gets a boost instead of a well-deserving and large cut. The MEDC's basic function is to take money from many people and give it to a few under the guise that it will create more jobs than the taxes needed to fund it will kill.
The MEDC’s many failures and other short comings are well known. This institution has not only presided over what was arguably the largest decline in Michigan's economic fortunes, it once twisted in apology for its premier jobs program, the Michigan Economic Growth Authority, or MEGA, which was a proven failure.
It once even offered a subsidy deal to a convicted felon out on parole. The MEDC and its many "jobs" programs should be eliminated. Doing so would save as much as $300 million annually in fiscal 2015 that would best be spent elsewhere.
State revenues for the MEDC actually are appropriated by the Legislature on behalf of the Michigan Strategic Fund, which is a corporate welfare vehicle from the Gov. James Blanchard era. The majority of the revenues appropriated are transferred to the MEDC, though these are not the only sources of revenue. Unless otherwise noted, the figures in this document are taken from the fiscal 2014 enacted budget, not from dollars recommended by Gov. Snyder for 2015.
The line item appropriations from which the state could save money by eliminating the MEDC include high profile programs such as the "Pure Michigan" advertising campaign ($29 million), "business attraction and community revitalization grants," (which replaced the MEGA program) ($95.2 million), and arts and cultural programs ($7 million).
There also is a film office line item worth less than $1 million for administration of the state's film subsidy program. The program was worth $50 million in fiscal 2014 and is included in my potential savings totals.
The MEDC also received revenue from tribal gaming operations that were worth roughly $58.3 million in fiscal 2013 and which could be redirected to other uses. This figure includes "permanent fund" dollars from the Nottawaseppi Huron Band.
All of these revenues and more are available to a Legislature willing to redirect them to a higher valued use, such as road repair, or permitting the personal income tax rollback taxpayers were promised in 2007.
Eliminating the MEDC could result in 2015 savings larger than $300 million, though the final figure will depend on where the 2015 budget ends up. The governor's proposed fiscal 2015 Strategic Fund budget contains $12.5 million more in annual debt service to fund university and community college projects.
There also is a $5 million appropriation earmarked to do the marketing of Michigan's "automotive sector and public-private partner engagement and collaborations within the auto industry, such as pilot projects in supply chain management." The governor is also boosting the Pure Michigan program by $2 million.
On the other hand, Gov. Snyder has proposed $25 million in film subsidies, a 50 percent cut over last year. He proposed the same in 2014 but it was doubled by GOP lawmakers. The same could happen again this year, so it is difficult to see how the net savings figure will wash out.
None of this is necessary. People and job providers helped create jobs and growth in the Michigan territory and the state long before some politician thought it would be a good idea to confiscate the wealth of many and redistribute it to a few. People will continue to do so even after Michigan's nanny state for commerce is closed.
Corporate welfare programs fail for many reasons. First, taking money from many job providers and investors and giving it to a few just redistributes opportunity. Second, the MEDC's bloated bureaucracy is expensive to run, which includes paying 52 of its employees more than $100,000 annually. This is money that gets sucked out of productive hands and frittered away unnecessarily. Lastly, MEDC employees do not possess an uncanny ability to successfully pick winners from losers in the marketplace.
The people of Michigan would be far better off eliminating the MEDC outright rather than goosing up its appropriations and responsibilities. Give the money saved by its elimination back to the people who earned it in the first place or invest it in Michigan's infrastructure. Either way, Michigan is likely to see greater job creation than keeping the MEDC — a proven failure — alive and kicking.
The following is a break out of appropriations used to determine the possibility of saving $300 million-plus annually by eliminating the MEDC. Unless otherwise noted, figures are based on fiscal 2014 appropriations.
|Line Item Title||Gross Appropriation||Available Dollars|
This line item provides central office support including finance and personnel work. Funds are appropriated from General Fund dollars, the pot of money over which lawmakers have the most discretion.
|Job Creation Services||$23,429,200||$19,307,800|
Job Creation Services provides program support including administration of old MEGA deals. Frequently budget line items sound innocuous but contain money for items that might not garner support if their appropriations were better known.
This line item included $2 million for the Grand Rapids Public Museum, $375,000 for the Holland Windmill and $200,000 for job training to the Chaldean Community Foundation, none of which are referenced specifically in the Strategic Fund portion of the budget. Available dollars are all from the General Fund.
This line item subsidizes Michigan’s travel and tourism industry with television and print advertising campaigns. Revenues for this are derived from the state’s 21st Century Jobs Trust Fund.
|Innovation and Entrepreneurship||$28,500,000||$28,500,000|
This appropriation is also derived from 21st Century Jobs Trust Fund dollars and is used to help business incubators or accelerators. Of the total, $500,000 is specifically earmarked for the Van Andel Institute in Grand Rapids.
|Business Attraction and Community Revitalization||$95,200,000||$95,200,000|
This line item represents a cash grant program that replaced the state’s failed refundable tax credit program known as the Michigan Economic Growth Authority, among others. It is funded by a mix of General Fund dollars ($77.7 million) and money from the 21st Century Jobs Trust Fund ($17.5 million).
This line item provides job training to people with "barriers to employment" in just four cities: Detroit, Flint, Pontiac and Saginaw. All revenues are appropriated from the General Fund.
|Michigan Film Office (Administration)||$883,700||$234,900|
This line item is for administrative work done by the office in support of the state’s Michigan-based film promotion efforts. The $234,900 in available dollars listed above is from the General Fund.
|Arts and Cultural Program||$8,150,000||$7,000,000|
This line item funds the grant work of the Michigan Council for Arts and Cultural Affairs. Past recipients of grants have included the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Marquette Maritime Museum and the West Michigan Horticultural Society. Click here for a complete list of 2014 grant recipients. The proposed 2015 budget includes a $2 million increase (24.5 percent) over the enacted 2014 budget. Available savings listed above are from the General Fund.
|Michigan Film Incentive Program||$50,000,000||$50,000,000|
This program subsidizes film production in the state of Michigan. For the 2014 budget the governor asked for only $25 million but it was goosed up by the Legislature to a cool $50 million. In 2015 the governor again recommended a more modest $25 million and it could likewise go up again.
|Tribal Gaming Revenues||$58,300,000||$58,300,000|
This is not a program with an official line item in the state appropriations for the Strategic Fund budget. This money is not appropriated by lawmakers for use by the state’s economic development mandarins. It is money that flows directly to the Strategic Fund and MEDC, thanks to state compacts with various tribes. The total above includes approximately $43.3 million from seven gaming locations plus another $15 million from the Nottawaseppi Huron Band to the state’s “Permanent Fund” and tiny returns from the state’s 21st Century Jobs Trust Fund investments.
Michigan Capitol Confidential is the news source produced by the Mackinac Center for Public Policy. Michigan Capitol Confidential reports with a free-market news perspective.