Detroit Homes With Willing Buyers Get More, But Overall Assessments Plummeted

Median sale price for a Detroit home up from $9,500 in 2010 to $26,000 in 2017

The median sale price of residential property in Detroit has almost tripled over the past eight years, while the tax assessed value of that median-priced property has decreased by more than half during that time.

In 2010, the median sale price of residential property in Detroit was $9,513, according to Realcomp, a real estate listing service. By 2017, the median price had increased to $26,000.

The median sale price increased every year out of the eight-year period except for one – 2016. The biggest increase took place between 2014 and 2015, when it increased from $15,011 to $20,840.

During that same period, the average assessed value of residential properties in Detroit decreased significantly. Property tax assessments exist for all properties, while far fewer properties are bought and sold in any year.

In 2010, the average assessed value of residential properties in Detroit was $21,391, according to calculations done by Michigan Capitol Confidential with data obtained from the city of Detroit through an open records request. In 2017, the average assessed value of residential properties was $10,309.

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After decreasing every year between 2010 and 2016, the average assessed property value increased slightly between 2016 and 2017, going from $10,001 to $10,309.

The assessed value of a property is approximately half the estimated market value.

During 2011 to 2015, one out of every four properties was foreclosed on by Wayne County for unpaid property taxes. That means about 100,116 of the roughly 384,675 properties in Detroit were foreclosed by the county. That’s according to a paper written by Chicago-Kent College of Law professor Bernadette Atuahene and Oakland University economics professor Timothy Hodge.

According to Dorian Harvey, president of the Detroit Association of Realtors, the trends are connected to the Great Recession — which began affecting Detroit before it hit other communities — and declines in assessed values in Detroit.

“So what we were doing here is called ‘short sales’ and a lot of mortgages were foreclosed upon, and what happened because property values had dropped, a lot of folks were asking to be reassessed. So, at the reassessed valuations, everything got lowered,” Harvey said. “2010 is probably the middle of [Detroit’s] recession when the rest of the country was coming back.”

Harvey continued: “But we turn around in 2012, 2013. There’s a big demand, Detroit becomes ‘sexy’ and the whole world is buying real estate here, so our demand almost exceeds our inventory [of move-in ready housing] and valuations increased. Our prices began to appreciate. And that brings us to 2017. You’ll probably see tax assessed values begin to increase in the next five years as our [property] values have increased.”

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Detroit Prep is a top-rated and economically and racially diverse charter school in the city. It's growth means it needs to move out from a church basement and into a new location. Nearby is a former Detroit Public Schools building, sitting empty for years. But, worried about competition, the public school district refused to sell. For years, district and local government officials in Detroit had worked to block public charter schools. They pushed legislation at the Michigan Capitol to hinder them, refused to sell to them, transferred surplus buildings from the district to the city government and imposed deed restrictions on property sales to private developers. All of it was aimed to hinder or even prevent charter school choice outside the confines of the Detroit school district.

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